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Asking the question

Iran, with its long history in Mauritania and Mesopotamia, is located at the heart of the famous plateau of Iran and at the west part of the vast continent of Asia in a region, which is now known as Middle East. Iran's ancient and historical monuments dates back to more than four thousand years ago. Since 1934, Iran was known as Persia in international events and relations of the world. Although, according to the historical documents, evidences, oral culture (word of the mouth), archeological discoveries and linguistics, it can be said there were four names used for Iran before then.

Introduction to Iran

Capital: Tehran

Official language: persian

Government: Islamic Republic

Population: 74,678,637

National Day: April 1st

Area: 1,648,195 Sq.m.

National gross production: 830.058 milliard dollars

Population accumulation: 45 individuals per one kilometer

Population growth rate: 1.6 percent

Educated people ratio 84.6 percent

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Introduce Iran

Iran, with its long history in Mauritania and Mesopotamia, is located at the heart of the famous plateau of Iran and at the west part of the vast continent of Asia in a region, which is now known as Middle East. Iran's ancient and historical monuments dates back to more than four thousand years ago. Since 1934, Iran was known as Persia in international events and relations of the world. Although, according to the historical documents, evidences, oral culture (word of the mouth), archeological discoveries and linguistics, it can be said there were four names used for Iran before then.

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The number of cities in Iran has increased to 1115 cities to this date. Names of the thirty provinces in Iran: East Azerbaijan, West Azerbaijan, Ardabil, Isfahan, Ilam, Bushehr, Tehran, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, South Khorasan, Razavi Khorasan, North Khorasan, Khuzestan, Zanjan, Semnan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Fars, Qazvin, Qom, Kurdistan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Golestan, Gilan, Lorestan, Mazandaran, Markazi, Hormozgan, Hamadan, Yazd. The average in age in Iran is 25.8 years old. Life expectancy for women from the birth is 72 years and for men 69 years old.

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Economy of Iran

Iran's domestic gross production in 2007 was 852.6 milliard dollars and has increased 4.3 percent in relation to its previous year. Labor force in Iran counts 28 million and 700 thousand individuals of which 25 percent are working in the agriculture section, 31 percent in industry section, and 45 percent in service section. The inflation rate counts 17 percent. Iran produces 4 million barrels of oil per day (statistics of 2006) and consumes 1.63 million barrels of oil. Iran oil exports in 2006 were 2.25 million barrels per day.

Introduce Iran

Iran export products include oil, chemical and petrochemical material, fruit, dried fruits and carpet, which are exported to Japan (14 percent), China (12.8 percent), Turkey (7.2 percent), Italy (6.3 Percent), South Korea (6 percent) and Netherlands (4.6 percent).

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Iran's importing products consists the raw materials for factories, essential goods, foodstuffs and other consumption materials and technical services and are imported from different countries. According to the latest statistics, the population of Iran counts about 80 million individuals. In 2004, Iran was divided into 30 provinces, 362 cities, 918 districts, 2430 rural districts, 1060 townships, with the capital of Tehran.

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Iran Cities

Iran has neighbors in the north, which are the countries of Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan (former Soviet republic) and Armenia and Caspian Sea, to the south the Persian Gulf and sea of Oman, to the west the countries of Iraq and Turkey and to the east the countries of Pakistan and Afghanistan. Iran is one of the most special countries in terms of the weather so that the temperature difference in winter reaches up to 50 degrees between the hottest and the coldest regions. Generally, in terms of precipitation, Iran is located in a dry and semi dry region. Iran is the 18th country with a view to the extent and its area is 1,648,195 Sq.m. Due to its special location in Eurasia, Iran has a strategic situation. It has always been considered as a communication bridge between the west and east so that a major part of the commercial and historical silk road was passing through Iran. Iran is also one of the founding and influential countries in United Nations and OPEC and for having great supply of the oil and gas resources, has a major role in international energy safety and global economics.

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Map of Iran

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